City of Rolla, Missouri
901 North Elm Street
Rolla, MO 65401

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Chapter 39 - Trailers and Mobile Homes

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Chapter Contents:

Article I - In General



ARTICLE II. MOBILE HOME PARKS AND TRAVEL TRAILER PARKS

DIVISION 1. GENERALLY



DIVISION 2. ENVIRONMENTAL, OPEN SPACE AND ACCESS REQUIREMENTS

Subdivision I. In General



Subdivision II. Travel Trailer Parks



Subdivision III. Mobile Home Parks



DIVISION 3. WATER SUPPLY



DIVISION 4. SEWAGE DISPOSAL



DIVISION 5. ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM



DIVISION 6. SERVICE BUILDINGS AND OTHER SERVICE FACILITIES



DIVISION 7. REFUSE HANDLING IN TRAVEL TRAILER PARKS



DIVISION 8. INSECT AND RODENT CONTROL



DIVISION 9. FUEL SUPPLY AND STORAGE



DIVISION 10. FIRE PROTECTION



Sec. 39-1. Definitions.

For the purposes of this Chapter, the following words and phrases shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them by this Section:

Dependent trailer - A trailer which is dependent upon a service building for toilet and lavatory facilities.

License - A written license issued by the city clerk allowing a person to operate and maintain a mobile home park or travel trailer park under the provisions of this Chapter and regulations issued hereunder.

Mobile home - A transportable dwelling unit suitable for year-round occupancy and containing the same water supply, waste disposal and electrical conveniences as immobile housing.

Mobile home lot - A parcel of land for the placement of a single mobile home and the exclusive use of its occupants, being at least forty feet by eighty feet in dimension.

Mobile home park - A parcel of land which has been planned and improved for the placement of mobile homes for nontransient use.

Mobile home stand - That part of an individual lot which has been reserved for the placement of the mobile home, appurtenant structures or additions.

Permit - A written permit issued by the city clerk permitting the construction, alteration and extension of a mobile home park or travel trailer park under the provisions of this Chapter and regulations issued hereunder.

Person - Any individual, firm, trust, partnership, public or private association or corporation.

Sanitary station - A facility used for removing and disposing of wastes from trailer hold tanks.

Self-contained trailer - A trailer which can operate independent of connections to sewer, water and electrical systems. It contains a water-flushed toilet, lavatory, shower and kitchen sink, all of which are connected to water storage and sewage holding tanks located within the trailer.

Service building - A structure housing toilet, lavatory and such other facility as may be required by this Chapter.

Service sink - A slop sink with a flushing rim for the disposal of liquid wastes from trailers.

Sewer connection - The connection consisting of all pipes, fittings and appurtenances from the drain outlet of the mobile home or travel trailer to the inlet of the corresponding sewer riser pipe of the sewage system serving the mobile home park or travel trailer parking area.

Sewer riser pipe - That portion of the sewer lateral which extends vertically to the ground elevation and terminates at each mobile home or travel trailer space.

Trailer space - A parcel of land in a trailer parking area for the placement of a single trailer and the exclusive use of its occupants.

Trailer stand - That part of an individual space which has been reserved for the placement of a single trailer and its accessory structures.

Travel trailer - Any of the following:

  1. Travel Trailer. A vehicular, portable structure built on a chassis, designed to be used as a temporary dwelling for travel, recreational and vacation uses, permanently identified "Travel Trailer" by the manufacturer of the trailer and, when factory equipped for the road, it shall have a body width not exceeding eight feet, and a body length not exceeding thirty-two feet.

  2. Pick-up Coach. A structure designed to be mounted on a truck chassis for use as a temporary dwelling for travel, recreation and vacation.

  3. Motor-home. A portable, temporary dwelling to be used for travel, recreation and vacation, constructed as an integral part of a self-propelled vehicle.

  4. Camping Trailer. A canvas, folding structure, mounted on wheels and designed for travel, recreation and vacation use.

Travel trailer parking area - A parcel of land in which two or more spaces are occupied or intended for occupancy by trailers for transient dwelling purposes.

Water connection - The connection consisting of all pipes, fittings and appurtenances from the water riser pipe to the water inlet pipe of the distribution system within the mobile home or trailer.

Water riser pipe - That portion of the water supply system serving the mobile home park or travel trailer parking areas which extends vertically to the ground elevation and terminates at a designated point at each mobile home lot or each trailer space.

Watering station - A facility for supplying water storage tanks of trailers with potable water.

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Sec. 39-2. Location outside of trailer park or mobile home park.

  1. It shall be unlawful, within the limits of the city, for any reason to park any trailer or mobile home on any street, alley or highway, or other public place, or on any tract of land owned by a person, occupied or unoccupied, within the city, except as provided by this Chapter; provided, however, that this provision shall not apply to any trailer used by the owner for recreational purposes only and not occupied or used for any purpose while so parked.

  2. Emergency or temporary stopping or parking is permitted on any street, alley or highway for not longer than two hours subject to any other and further prohibitions, regulations or limitations imposed by the traffic and parking regulations or ordinances for that street, alley or highway. (Ord. 1421, §1.)

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Sec. 39-3. Unoccupied trailer houses for demonstrations, etc.

Unoccupied trailer houses for demonstration and sales purposes only may be placed on any vacant premises within the local business district, provided in the Zoning Ordinance of the city; provided, that a certificate of occupancy has first been procured from the city engineer to do so; provided, further, that such trailer houses are located on such premises in a manner as approved by the city engineer. (Ord. 563, §3.)

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Sec. 39-4. Inspections.

  1. The city engineer is hereby authorized and directed to make such inspections as are necessary to determine satisfactory compliance with this Chapter and regulations issued hereunder.

  2. The city engineer shall have the power to enter at reasonable times upon any private property for the purpose of inspecting and investigating conditions relating to the enforcement of this Chapter and regulations issued hereunder.

  3. The city assessor shall have the power to inspect the register containing a record of all residents of the mobile home park or travel trailer park.

  4. It shall be the duty of the owners or occupants of mobile home or travel trailer park, or of the person in charge thereof, to give the city engineer free access to such premises at reasonable times for the purpose of inspection.

  5. It shall be the duty of every occupant of a mobile home park or travel park to give the owner thereof or his agent or employee access to any part of such mobile home park or travel trailer park or its premises at reasonable times for the purpose of making such repairs or alterations as are necessary to effect compliance with this Chapter and regulations issued hereunder, or with any lawful order issued pursuant to the provisions of this Chapter. (Ord. 1421, §4.)

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Sec. 39-5. Notices, hearing and orders.

  1. Whenever the city engineer determines that there has been a violation of any provision of this Chapter, or regulations issued hereunder, the city engineer shall give notice of such alleged violation to the person to whom the permit or license was issued, as hereinafter provided. Such notice shall (1) be in writing; (2) include a statement of the reasons for its issuance; (3) allow a reasonable time for the performance of any act it requires; (4) be served upon the owner or his agent when a copy thereof has been sent by registered mail to his last known address, or when he has been served with such notice by any method authorized or required by the laws of the state; (5) contain an outline of remedial action which, if taken, will effect compliance with the provisions of this Chapter and regulations issued hereunder.

  2. Any person affected by any notice which has been issued in connection with the enforcement of any provision of this Chapter, or regulation issued hereunder, may request and shall be granted a hearing on the matter before the city council; provided, that such person file in the office of the city clerk a written petition requesting such hearings and setting forth a brief statement of the grounds therefore within ten days after the day the notice is served. The filing of the request for a hearing shall operate as a stay of the notice and of the suspension except in the case of an order issued under subsection (e) herein. Upon receipt of such petition, the city clerk shall set a time and place for such hearing and shall give the petitioner written notice thereof. At such hearing the petitioner shall be given an opportunity to be heard and to show why such notice should be modified or withdrawn. The hearing shall be commenced not later than fifteen days after day on which the petition was filed; provided, that upon application of the petitioner the city council may postpone the date of the hearing for a reasonable time beyond such fifteen-day period when in its judgment the petitioner has submitted good and sufficient reasons for such postponement.

  3. After such hearing the city council shall make findings as to compliance with the provisions of this Chapter and regulations issued hereunder and shall issue an order in writing sustaining, modifying or withdrawing the notice which shall be served as provided in subsection (a) (4). Upon failure to comply with any order sustaining or modifying a notice, the license of the mobile home park or travel trailer park affected by the order shall be revoked.

  4. The proceedings at such a hearing, including the findings and decision of the city council and together with a copy of every notice and order related thereto shall be entered as a matter of public record in the office of the city clerk but the transcript of the proceedings need not be transcribed unless judicial review of the decision is sought as provided by this Section. Any person aggrieved by the decision of the city council may seek relief therefrom in any court of competent jurisdiction, as provided by the laws of this state.

  5. Whenever the city engineer finds that an emergency exists which requires immediate action to protect the public health, he may without notice or hearing issue an order reciting the existence of such an emergency and requiring that such action be taken as he may deem necessary to meet the emergency including the suspension of the permit or license. Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Chapter, such order shall be effective immediately. Any person to whom such an order is directed shall comply therewith immediately, but upon petition to the mayor shall be afforded a hearing as soon as possible. The provisions of subsection (c) and (d) shall be applicable to such hearing and the order issued thereafter. (Ord. 1421, § 5.)

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Sec. 39-6. Adoption of regulations by city engineer.

The city engineer is hereby authorized to make and, after public hearing and approval of the city council, to adopt such written regulations as may be necessary for the proper enforcement of the provisions of this Chapter. Such regulations shall have the same force and effect as the provisions of this Chapter. and the penalty for violation of the provisions thereof shall be the same as the penalty for violation of the provisions of this Chapter, as hereinafter provided. (Ord. 1421, §6.)

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Sec. 39-7. Penalty for violation of Chapter.

Any person who violates any provision of this Chapter shall upon conviction be punished by a fine of not less than one dollar nor more than one hundred dollars; and each day's failure of compliance with any such provision shall constitute a separate violation. (Ord. 1421, §17.)

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Secs. 39-8 to 39-12. Reserved.

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ARTICLE II MOBILE HOME PARKS AND TRAVEL TRAILER PARKS

DIVISION I. GENERALLY

Sec. 39-13. Responsibilities of park management.

  1. The person to whom a license for a mobile home park or travel trailer park is issued shall operate the park in compliance with this Chapter and regulations issued hereunder and shall provide adequate supervision to maintain the park, its facilities and equipment in good repair and in a clean and sanitary condition.

  2. The park management shall notify park occupants of all applicable provisions of this Chapter and inform them of their duties and responsibilities under this Chapter and regulations issued hereunder.

  3. The park management shall supervise the placement of each mobile home or travel trailer on its stand which includes securing its stability and installing all utility connections.

  4. The park management shall maintain a register containing a record of all trailers and occupants. Such register shall be available to any authorized person inspecting the trailer parking area and shall be preserved for the period required by the health authority. Such register shall contain:

    1. The names and permanent addresses of all trailer occupants;

    2. The make, model and license number of the trailer and tow vehicle; and

    3. The dates of arrival and departure of a trailer or its occupants.

  5. The park management shall notify the health authority immediately of any suspected communicable or contagious disease within the park. (Ord. 1521, §16.)

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Sec. 39-14. Responsibilities of park occupants.

  1. The park occupant shall comply with all applicable requirements of this Chapter and regulations issued hereunder and shall maintain his mobile home lot, its facilities and equipment in good repair and in a clean and sanitary condition.

  2. The park occupant shall be responsible for proper placement of his trailer on its stand and proper installation of all utility connections in accordance with the instructions of the park management.

  3. No owner or person in charge of a dog, cat or other pet animal shall permit it to run at large or to commit any nuisance within the limits of any lot. (Ord. 1421, §16.)

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Sec. 39-15. Restrictions on occupancy.

  1. A mobile home shall not be occupied for dwelling purposes unless it is properly placed on a mobile home stand and connected to water, sewerage and electrical utilities.

  2. Travel trailer spaces shall be rented by the day or week only, and the occupant of a trailer space shall remain in the same travel trailer parking area not more than seven days. (Ord. 1421, §16.)

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Sec. 39-16. Permits.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person to construct, alter or extend any mobile home park or travel trailer park within the limits of the city unless he holds a valid permit issued by the city engineer in the name of such person for the specific construction, alteration or extension proposed.

  2. All applications for permits shall be made to the city engineer and shall contain the following:

    1. Name and address of applicant.

    2. Interest of the applicant in the mobile home park or travel trailer park.

    3. Location and legal description of the mobile home park or travel trailer park.

    4. Complete engineering plans and specifications of the proposed park showing:
      1. The area and dimensions of the tract of land;

      2. The number, location and size of all lots;

      3. The location of service buildings and any other proposed structures;

      4. The location and width of roadways and walkways;

      5. The location of water and sewer lines and riser pipes;

      6. Plans and specifications of the water supply, refuse and sewage disposal facilities;

      7. Plans and specifications of all buildings constructed or to be constructed within the mobile home park or trailer park; and,

      8. The location and details of lighting and electrical systems.

  3. All applications shall be accompanied by the deposit of a fee of fifty dollars for mobile home parks and fifty dollars for travel trailer parks.

  4. When upon review of the application, the city engineer is satisfied that the proposed plan meets the requirements of this Chapter and regulations issued hereunder, a permit shall be issued.

  5. Any person whose application for a permit under this Chapter has been denied may request and shall be granted a hearing on the matter before the city council under the procedure provided by Section 39-5 of this Chapter. (Ord. 1421, §2.)

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Sec. 39-17. Licenses.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person to operate any mobile home park or travel trailer park within the limits of the city unless he holds a valid license issued annually by the city clerk in the name of such person for the specific mobile home park or travel trailer park. All applications for licenses shall be made to the city clerk who shall issue a license upon compliance by the applicant with provisions of this Chapter and regulations issued hereunder and of other applicable legal requirements, as certified by the city engineer.

  2. Every person holding a license shall give notice in writing to the city clerk within twenty-four hours after having sold, transferred, given away, or otherwise disposed of interest in or control of any mobile home park or travel trailer park. Such notice shall include the name and address of the person succeeding to the ownership or control of such mobile home park or travel trailer park. Upon application in writing for transfer of the license and deposit of a fee of thirty-five dollars ($35.00), the license shall be transferred if the mobile home park or travel trailer park is in compliance with all applicable provisions of this Chapter and regulations issued hereunder.

    1. Application for original licenses shall be in writing, signed by the applicant, accompanied by an affidavit of the applicant, as to the truth of the application and by the payment of a license fee of thirty-five dollars ($35.00), and shall contain the name and address of the applicant; the location and legal description of the mobile home park or travel trailer park; and a site plan of the mobile home park or travel trailer park, showing all lots, structures, roads, walkways and other service facilities.

    2. Applications for renewals of licenses shall be made in writing by the holders of the licenses and shall be accompanied by the payment of a fee of thirty-five dollars ($35.00) and shall contain any change in the information submitted since the original license was issued or the latest renewal granted. (Ord. 2876, §1)

  3. Any person whose application for a license under this Chapter has been denied may request and shall be granted a hearing on the matter before the city council, under the procedure provided by Section 39-5 of this Chapter.

  4. Whenever, upon inspection of any mobile home park or travel trailer park, the city engineer finds that conditions or practices exist which are in violation of any provision of this Chapter or regulations issued hereunder, the city engineer shall give notice in writing in accordance with Section 39-5(a) to the person to whom the license was issued that unless such condition or practices are corrected within a reasonable period of time specified in the notice by the city engineer, the license shall be suspended. At the end of such period, the city engineer shall reinspect such mobile home park or travel trailer park and, if such conditions or practices have not been corrected, he shall suspend the license and give notice in writing of such suspension to the person to whom the license is issued. Upon receipt of notice of suspension, such person shall cease operation of such mobile home park or travel trailer park, except as provided in Section 39-5(b).

  5. Any person whose license has been suspended, or who has received notice from the city engineer, that his license will be suspended unless certain conditions or practices at the mobile home park or travel trailer park are corrected, may request and shall be granted a hearing on the matter before the city council, under the procedure provided by Section 39-5 of this Chapter; provided, that when no petition for such hearing shall have been filed within ten days following the day on which the notice of suspension was served, such license shall be deemed to have been automatically revoked at the expiration of such ten-day period.

  6. A temporary license, upon written request therefore, shall be issued by the city clerk for every mobile home park or travel trailer park in existence upon the effective date of this Chapter,2 permitting the mobile home park or travel trailer park to be operated during the period ending one hundred eighty days after the effective date of this Chapter in accordance with such conditions as the city may require, and if, at the end of such one hundred eighty-day period, the conditions set by the city have been met, then, in that event, an annual license shall be issued on payment of required license fee, and renewed annually under the provisions of subsection (c) (2) herein. (Ord. 1421, §3.)

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Sec. 39-18 to 39-22. Reserved.

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ARTICLE II MOBILE HOME PARKS AND TRAVEL TRAILER PARKS

DIVISION 2. ENVIRONMENTAL, OPEN SPACE AND ACCESS REQUIREMENTS

SUBDIVISION I. IN GENERAL

Sec. 39-23. General requirements.

Conditions of soil, ground water level, drainage and topography shall not create hazards to the property or the health or safety of the occupants. The site shall not be subject to unpredictable or sudden flooding, subsidence or erosion which would expose persons or property to hazards. (Ord. 1421, §7.)

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Sec. 39-24. Soil and ground cover.

Exposed ground surfaces in all parts of every mobile home park or travel trailer park shall be paved, or covered with stone screenings, or other solid material, or protected with a vegetative growth that is capable of preventing soil erosion and of eliminating objectionable dust. (Ord. 1421, §7.)

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Sec. 39-25. Site drainage.

The ground surface in all parts of every mobile home park or travel trailer park shall be graded and equipped to drain all surface water in a safe, efficient manner. (Ord. 1421, §7.)

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Sec. 39-26. Use of park areas for nonresidential purposes.

No part of any park shall be used for nonresidential purposes, except such uses that are required for the direct servicing and well being of park residents and for the management and maintenance of the park. (Ord. 1421, §7.)

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Secs. 39-27 to 39-31. Reserved.

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ARTICLE II MOBILE HOME PARKS AND TRAVEL TRAILER PARKS

DIVISION 2. ENVIRONMENTAL, OPEN SPACE AND ACCESS REQUIREMENTS

SUBDIVISION II. TRAVEL TRAILER PARKS

Sec. 39-32. Required separation between travel trailers.

Trailers shall be separated from each other and from other structures by at least ten feet. Any accessory structure such as attached awnings, carports, or individual storage facilities shall, for purposes of these separation requirements, be considered to be part of the trailer. (Ord. 1421, §7.)

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Sec. 39-33. Density requirement.

The density shall not exceed twenty-five trailer spaces per acre of gross site area; except, that the city council may, under special circumstances, permit a higher density provided all other environmental, open space, and access requirements of this Chapter and regulations issued hereunder are adhered to. Any person desiring a higher density shall make application for such exemption to the city council, specifying the reasons therefore. If a higher density is permitted, the city clerk shall issue a special license specifying the location of the parking area, the expiration date of the license, and the conditions of issuance. (Ord. 1421, §7.)

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Sec. 39-34. Required setbacks from public streets.

All trailers shall be located at least twenty-five feet from any parking area boundary line abutting upon a public street or highway. (Ord. 1421, §7.)

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Sec. 39-35. Recreational area.

In all travel trailer parking areas there shall be at least one recreation area which shall be easily accessible from all trailer spaces. The size of such recreation area shall be not less than eight percent of the gross site area or two thousand five hundred square feet, which ever is greater. (Ord. 1421, §7.)

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Sec. 39-36. Park street System.

  1. General requirements. All parking areas shall be provided with safe and convenient vehicular access from abutting public streets or roads to each trailer space. Alignment and gradient shall be properly adapted to topography. Surfacing and maintenance shall provide a smooth, hard and dense surface which shall be well drained.

  2. Access. Access to travel trailer parking areas shall be designed to minimize congestion and hazards at their entrance or exit and allow free movement of traffic on adjacent streets. All traffic into or out of the parking areas shall be through such entrances and exits.

  3. Internal streets. Surfaced roadways shall be of adequate width to accommodate anticipated traffic and in any case shall meet the following minimum requirements; One-way, with no parking, eleven feet, is acceptable only if less than five hundred feet total length and serving less than twenty-five trailer spaces. One-way, with parking on one side only, or two-way, with no parking, eighteen feet, is acceptable only if serving less than fifty trailer spaces. (Ord. 1421, §7.)

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Secs. 39-37 to 39-41. Reserved.

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ARTICLE II MOBILE HOME PARKS AND TRAVEL TRAILER PARKS

DIVISION 2. ENVIRONMENTAL, OPEN SPACE AND ACCESS REQUIREMENTS

SUBDIVISION III. MOBILE HOME PARKS

Sec. 39-42. Required separation between mobile homes.

  1. Mobile homes shall be separated from each other and from other buildings and structures by at least fifteen feet; provided, that mobile homes placed end-to-end may have clearance of ten feet where opposing rear walls are staggered.

  2. An accessory structure which has a horizontal area exceeding twenty-five square feet is attached to a mobile home or located within ten feet of its window, and has an opaque top or roof that is higher than the nearest window shall, for purposes of all separation requirements, be considered to be part of the mobile home. (Ord. 1421, §7.)

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Sec. 39-43. Setbacks from public street, park street and common areas.

  1. All mobile homes shall be located at least ten feet from any park property boundary line abutting upon a public street or highway and at least fifteen feet from other park property boundary lines, except the rear property line.

  2. There shall be a minimum distance of ten feet between an individual mobile home and adjoining pavement of a park street, or common parking area or other common areas. (Ord. 1421, §7.)

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Sec. 39-44. Recreation areas.

  1. In all parks accommodating or designed to accommodate twenty-five or more mobile homes, there shall be one or more recreation areas which shall be easily accessible to all park residents.

  2. The size of such recreation area shall be based upon a minimum of one hundred square feet for each lot. No outdoor recreation area shall contain less than two thousand five hundred square feet.

  3. Recreation areas shall be so located as to be free of traffic hazards and should, where the topography permits, be centrally located. (Ord. 1421, §7.)

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Sec. 39-45. Park street system.

  1. General requirements. All mobile home parks shall be provided with safe and convenient vehicular access from abutting public streets or roads to each mobile home lot. Alignment and gradient shall be properly adapted to topography.

  2. Access. Access to mobile home parks shall be designed to minimize congestion and hazards at the entrance or exit and allow free movement of traffic on adjacent streets. The entrance road connecting the park streets with a public street or road shall have a minimum road pavement width of thirty-four feet where parking is permitted on both sides, or a minimum road pavement width of twenty-seven feet where parking is limited to one side. Where the primary entrance road is more than one hundred feet long and does not provide access to abutting mobile home lots within such distance, the minimum road pavement width may be twenty-four feet, provided parking is prohibited on both sides.

  3. Internal streets. Surfaced roadways shall be of adequate width to accommodate anticipated traffic, and in any case shall meet the following minimum requirements:

    1. All streets, except minor streets, twenty-four feet.

    2. Minor streets, with no parking, eighteen feet, is acceptable only if less than five hundred feet long and serving less than twenty-five mobile homes or of any length if one-way and providing access to abutting mobile home lots on one side only.

    3. Dead-end streets shall be limited in length to one thousand feet and shall be provided at the closed end with a turn-around having an outside roadway diameter of at least sixty feet.

  4. Required illumination. All parks shall be furnished with lighting units so spaced and equipped with luminaries placed at such mounting heights as will provide the following average maintained levels of illumination for the safe movement of pedestrians and vehicles at night:

    1. All parts of the park street systems: 0.6 footcandle, with a minimum of 0.1 footcandle.

    2. Potentially hazardous locations, such as major street inter- sections and steps or stepped ramps: individually illuminated, with a minimum of 0.3 footcandle.
  5. Street construction and design standards:

    1. PAVEMENT. All streets shall be provided with a smooth, hard and dense surface which shall be durable and well drained under normal use and weather conditions. Pavement edges shall be protected to prevent raveling of the wearing surface and shifting of the pavement base. Street surfaces shall be maintained free of cracks, holes and other hazards.

    2. GRADES. Grades of all street shall be sufficient to insure adequate surface drainage, but shall be not more than eight percent. Short run with a maximum grade of twelve percent may be permitted, provided traffic safety is assured by appropriate paving, adequate leveling areas and avoidance of lateral curves.

    3. INTERSECTIONS. Within one hundred feet of an intersection, streets shall be approximately at right angles. A distance of at least one hundred fifty feet shall be maintained between center lines of offset intersecting streets. Intersections of more than two streets at one point shall be avoided. (Ord. 1421, §7.)

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Sec. 39-46. Off-street parking areas.

(a) Off-street parking areas shall be provided in all mobile home parks for the use of park occupants where streets are less than thirty-four feet in width. Such areas shall be furnished at the rate of at least 1.25 car spaces for each mobile home lot.

(b) Required car parking spaces shall be so located as to provide convenient access to the mobile home, but shall not exceed a distance of two hundred feet from the mobile home that it is intended to serve. (Ord. 1421, §7.)

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Sec. 39-47. Walks.

  1. General requirements. All parks shall be provided with safe, convenient, all season pedestrian access of adequate width for intended use, durable and convenient to maintain; between individual mobile homes, the park streets and all community facilities provided for park residents. Sudden changes in alignment and gradient shall be avoided.

  2. Common walk system. A common walk system shall be provided and maintained between locations where pedestrian traffic is concentrated. Such common walks shall have a minimum width of two feet.

  3. Individual walks. All mobile home stands shall be connected to common walks, to paved streets, or to paved driveways or parking spaces connecting to a paved street. Such individual walks shall have a minimum width of two feet. (Ord. 1421, §7.)

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Sec. 39-48. Mobile home stand requirements.

The area of the mobile home stand shall be improved to provide an adequate foundation for the placement and tie-down of the mobile home, thereby securing the superstructure against uplift, sliding, rotation, and overturning.

  1. The mobile home stand shall not heave, shift or settle unevenly under the weight of the mobile home due to frost action, inadequate drainage, vibration or other forces acting on the superstructure.

  2. The mobile home stand shall be provided with anchors and tie-downs such as cast-in-place concrete "dead men," eyelets imbedded in concrete foundations or runways, screw augers, arrowhead anchors, or other devices securing the stability of the mobile home.

  3. Anchors and tie-downs shall be placed at least at each corner of the mobile home stand and each shall be able to sustain a minimum tensile strength of two thousand eight hundred pounds. (Ord. 1421, §7.)

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Secs. 39-49 to 39-53. Reserved.

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ARTICLE II MOBILE HOME PARKS AND TRAVEL TRAILER PARKS

DIVISION 3. WATER SUPPLY

Sec. 39-54. General requirements.

An accessible, adequate, safe and potable supply of water shall be provided in each mobile home park or travel trailer parking area. Where a public supply of water of satisfactory quantity, quality and pressure is available, connection shall be made thereto and its supply used exclusively. When a satisfactory public water supply is not available, a private water supply system may be developed and used as approved and used as approved by the state board of health. (Ord. 1421, §8.)

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Sec. 39-55. Storage facilities.

All water storage reservoirs shall be covered, watertight and constructed of impervious material. Overflows and vents of such reservoirs shall be effectively screened. Manholes shall be constructed with overlapping covers so as to prevent the entrance of contaminated material. Reservoir overflow pipes shall discharge through an acceptable air gap. (Ord. 1421, §8.)

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Sec. 39-56. Distribution system.

  1. The water supply system of the mobile home park or travel trailer parking area shall be connected by pipes to all buildings and other facilities requiring water.

  2. All water piping, fixtures and other equipment shall be constructed and maintained in accordance with state and local regulations and requirements and shall be of a type and in locations approved by the health authority.

  3. The water piping system shall not be connected with nonpotable or questionable water supplies and shall be protected against the hazards of backflow or back siphonage.

  4. The system shall be so designed and maintained as to provide a pressure of not less than twenty pounds per square inch, under normal operating conditions, at service buildings and other locations requiring potable water supply. (Ord. 1421, § 8.)

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Sec. 39-57. Water supply outlets for travel trailers.

Each travel trailer parking area shall be provided with one or more easily accessible water supply outlets for filling trailer water storage tanks. Such water outlets shall consist of at least a water hydrant and the necessary appurtenances and shall be protected against the hazards of backflow and back siphonage. (Ord. 1421, §8.)

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Sec. 39-58. Individual water service connections.

The following requirements shall apply:

  1. Riser pipes provided for individual water-service connections shall be so located and constructed that they will not be damaged by the parking of mobile homes or travel trailers.

  2. Water riser pipes shall extend at least four inches above ground elevation. The pipe size shall be three-quarter inch.

  3. Adequate provisions shall be made to prevent freezing of service lines, valves and riser pipes.

  4. Underground stop and waste valves shall not be installed on any water service.

  5. Valves shall be provided near the outlet of each water service connection. They should be turned off and the outlets capped or plugged when not in use. (Ord. 1421, §8.)

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Secs. 39-59 to 39-63. Reserved.

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ARTICLE II MOBILE HOME PARKS AND TRAVEL TRAILER PARKS

DIVISION 4. SEWAGE DISPOSAL

Sec. 39-64. General requirements.

An adequate and safe sewerage system shall be provided in all mobile home parks or travel trailer parking areas for conveying and disposing of all sewage. Such system shall be designed, constructed and maintained in accordance with the state and local laws. (Ord. 1421, §9.)

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Sec. 39-65. Sanitary stations for travel trailers.

  1. A sanitary station shall be provided consisting of at least: a tapped four-inch sewer riser pipe, connected to the travel trailer parking area sewerage system, surrounded at the inlet end by a concrete apron sloped to the drain, and provided with a suitable hinged cover; and a water outlet with the necessary appurtenances, connected to the parking area water supply system to permit periodic washdown of the immediate adjacent areas.

  2. Each travel trailer parking area shall be provided with a sanitary station in the ratio of one for every one hundred trailer spaces or fractional part thereof.

  3. Sanitary stations shall be screened from other activities by visual barriers such as fences, walls or natural growth and shall be separated from any trailer space by a distance of at least fifty feet. (Ord. 1421, §9.)

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Sec. 39-66. Sewer lines.

All sewer lines shall be located in trenches of sufficient depth to be free of breakage from traffic or other movements and shall be separated from the water supply system at a safe distance. Sewers shall be a grade which will insure a velocity of two feet per second when flowing full. All sewer lines shall be constructed of materials approved by the health authority, shall be adequately vented and shall have watertight joints. (Ord. 1421, §9.)

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Sec. 39-67. Individual sewer connections.

If facilities for individual sewer connections are provided, the following requirements shall apply:

  1. The sewer riser pipe shall have at least a four-inch diameter, shall be trapped below the ground surface and shall be so located on the trailer space that the sewer connection to the trailer drain outlet will approximate a vertical position.

  2. The sewer connection (see definition) shall have a nominal inside diameter of at least three inches, and the slope of any portion thereof shall be at least one-fourth inch per foot. The sewer connection shall consist of one pipe only without any branch fittings. All joints shall be watertight.

  3. All materials used for sewer connections shall be corrosive resistant, nonabsorbent and durable. The inner surface shall be smooth.

  4. Provision shall be made for plugging the sewer riser pipe when a trailer does not occupy the space. Surface drainage shall be diverted away from the riser. (Ord. 1421, §9.)

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Sec. 39-68. Sink wastes.

No liquid wastes from sinks shall be discharged onto or allowed to accumulate on the ground surface. (Ord. 1421, §9.)

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Sec. 39-69. Approval of proposed facilities; effluent discharge.

Where the sewer lines of the mobile home park or travel trailer parking area are not connected to a public sewer, all proposed sewage disposal facilities shall be approved by the health authority prior to construction. Effluents from sewage treatment facilities shall not be discharged into any waters of the state except with prior approval of the health authority. (Ord. 1421, §9.)

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Secs. 39-70 to 39-74. Reserved.

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ARTICLE II MOBILE HOME PARKS AND TRAVEL TRAILER PARKS

DIVISION 5. ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

Sec. 39-75. General requirements.

Every park shall contain an electrical wiring system consisting of wiring, fixtures, equipment and appurtenances which shall be installed and maintained in accordance with applicable codes and regulations governing such systems. (Ord. 1421, §10.)

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Sec. 39-76. Power distribution lines.

  1. Main power lines not located underground shall be suspended at least eighteen feet above the ground. There shall be a minimum horizontal clearance of three feet between overhead wiring and any mobile home or travel trailer, service building or other structure.

  2. All direct burial conductors or cable shall be buried at least eighteen inches below the ground surface and shall be insulated and specially designed for the purpose. Such conductors shall be located not less than one foot radial distance from water, sewer, gas or communication lines. (Ord. 1421, §10.)

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Sec. 39-77. Individual electrical connections.

  1. Each mobile home lot shall be provided with an approved disconnecting device and over current protective equipment. The minimum service per outlet shall be 120/240 volts AC, 50 amperes.

  2. If individual travel trailer spaces are connected to the electrical wiring system, an approved type of disconnecting device and over current protective equipment shall be provided. The service per outlet shall be 120 volts AC, 15 amperes or 30 amperes.

  3. Outlet receptacles at each trailer stand shall be located not more than twenty-five feet from the over current protective devices in the trailer and a three-pole, four-wire grounding type shall be used. Receptacles shall be of weatherproof construction and configurations shall be in accordance with American Standard Outlet Receptacle C-73.1.

  4. The mobile home or travel trailer shall be connected to the outlet receptacle by an approved type of flexible cable with connectors and a male attachment plug.

  5. Where the calculated load of the mobile home is more than 50 amperes either a second outlet receptacle shall be installed or electrical service shall be provided by means of permanently installed containers. (Ord. 1421, §10.)

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Sec. 39-78. Grounding of all exposed noncurrent metal parts.

All exposed noncurrent carrying metal parts of mobile homes or travel trailers and all other equipment shall be grounded by means of an approved grounding conductor with branch circuit conductors or other approved method of grounded metallic wiring. The neutral conductor shall not be used as an equipment ground for mobile homes or travel trailers or other equipment. (Ord. 1421, §10.)

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Secs. 39-79 to 39-83. Reserved.

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ARTICLE II MOBILE HOME PARKS AND TRAVEL TRAILER PARKS

DIVISION 6. SERVICE BUILDINGS AND OTHER SERVICE FACILITIES

Sec. 39-84. Generally.

The requirements of this division shall apply to service buildings, recreation buildings and other service facilities such as:

  1. Management offices, repair shops and storage areas.

  2. Sanitary facilities. (Ord. 1421, § 11.)

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Sec. 39-85. Central service building and sanitary facilities travel trailer parks.

  1. A central service building containing the necessary toilet and other plumbing fixtures specified shall be provided in travel trailer parking areas which provide parking spaces for dependent trailers. Service building shall be conveniently located within a radius of approximately three hundred feet to the spaces to be served.

    (Suggested Sanitary Facilities)
    # of Parking
    Spaces (a)
    Toilets Urinals Lavatories Showers Other
    Fixtures (b)
      Men Women Men Men Women Men Women 1 Service
    sink with a flushing rim (c)
    1-15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
    16-30 1 2 1 2 2 1 1
    31-45 2 2 1 3 3 1 1
      2 3 2 3 3 2 2
      3 4 2 4 4 2 2
      3 4 2 4 4 3 3

    NOTE:
    1. Parking spaces for dependent trailers.
    2. Additional fixtures including laundry trays, clothes washing machines (one for every 30 sites) and an ice making machine may be provided.
    3. A service sink with a flushing rim shall be provided for disposal of liquid wastes unless a sanitary station is conveniently accessible for this purpose.

  2. Where a travel trailer parking area is designed for and exclusively limited to use by self-contained trailers, only the following minimum emergency sanitary facilities shall be required: For each one hundred trailer spaces, or fractional part thereof, there shall be one flush toilet and one lavatory for each sex.

  3. When a travel trailer parking area requiring a service building is operated in connection with a resort or other business establishment, the number of sanitary facilities for such business established shall be in excess of those required by the schedule for trailer space and shall be based on the total number of persons suing such facilities.

  4. Any person desiring to furnish temporary facilities for accommodating a travel rally, or other group of trailers assembled for the purpose of traveling together, shall make application for such activity to the mayor. The requirements for a service building and other sanitary and physical facilities may be waived by the health authority on the determination that the public health will not be endangered; but the location of the site, the facilities which are provided, and the method of conduction of such rally shall be acceptable to the health authority before a special license shall be issued specifying the location of the site, the period of operation not to exceed ten days, and any conditions of issuance. (Ord. 1421, §11.)

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Sec. 39-86. Emergency sanitary facilities for mobile home parks.

Every park shall be provided with the following emergency sanitation facilities: For such one hundred mobile home lots, or fractional part thereof, there shall be one flush toilet and one lavatory for each sex. (Ord. 1421, §11.)

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Sec. 39-87. Structural requirements, illumination levels, etc., for buildings.

  1. All portions of the structure shall be properly protected from damage by ordinary use and by decay, corrosion, termites and other destructive elements. Exterior portions shall be of such materials and be so constructed and protected as to prevent entrance or penetration of moisture and weather.

  2. All rooms containing sanitary or laundry facilities shall:

    1. Have sound resistant walls extending to the ceiling between male and female sanitary facilities. Walls and partitions around showers, bathtubs, lavatories and other plumbing fixtures shall be constructed of dense, nonabsorbent, waterproof material or covered with moisture resistant material.

    2. Have at least one window or skylight facing directly to the outdoors. The minimum aggregate gross area of windows for each required room shall be not less than ten percent of floor area served by them.

    3. Have at least one window which can be easily opened or a mechanical device which will adequately ventilate the room.

  3. Toilets shall be located in separate compartments equipped with self-closing doors. The shower stalls shall be of the individual type. The rooms shall be screened to prevent direct view of the interior when the exterior doors are open.

  4. Illumination levels shall be maintained as follows:

    1. general seeing tasks-five footcandles;

    2. laundry room work area-forty footcandles;

    3. toilet room, in front of mirrors-forty footcandles.

  5. Hot and cold water shall be furnished to each lavatory, sink, bathtub, shower and laundry fixture, and cold water shall be furnished to every water closet and urinal. (Ord. 1421, §11.)

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Sec. 39-88. Requirements for barbeque pits, fireplaces, etc.

Cooking shelters, barbeque pits, fireplaces, wood-burning stoves and incinerators shall be so located, constructed, maintained and used as to minimize fire hazard and smoke nuisance both on the property on which used and on neighboring property. No open fire shall be left unattended. No fuel shall be used and no material burned which emits dense smoke or objectionable odors. (Ord. 1421, §11.)

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Secs. 39-89 to 39-93. Reserved.

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ARTICLE II MOBILE HOME PARKS AND TRAVEL TRAILER PARKS

DIVISION 7. REFUSE HANDLING IN TRAVEL TRAILER PARKS

Sec. 39-94. Generally.

  1. The storage, collection and disposal of refuse in travel trailer parking area shall be so conducted as to create no health hazards, rodent harborage, insect breeding areas, accident or fire hazards, or air pollution.

  2. All refuse shall be stored in fly tight, watertight, rodent-proof containers, which shall be located not more than one hundred fifty feet from any trailer space. Containers shall be provided in sufficient number and capacity to properly store all refuse.

  3. Refuse collection stands shall be provided for all refuse containers. Such container stands shall be so designed as to prevent containers from being tipped, to minimize spillage and container deterioration and facilitate cleaning around them.

  4. All refuse containing garbage shall be collected at least twice weekly. Where suitable collection service is not available from the city, the owner or operator of the trailer parking area shall provide this service. All refuse shall be collected and transported in covered containers.

  5. Where municipal disposal service is not used, the owner or operator of the trailer parking area shall dispose of the refuse by transporting to a disposal site approved by the health authority. (Ord. 1421, §12.)

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Secs. 39-95 to 39-99. Reserved.

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ARTICLE II MOBILE HOME PARKS AND TRAVEL TRAILER PARKS

DIVISION 8. INSECT AND RODENT CONTROL

Sec. 39-100. Generally.

  1. Grounds, buildings and structures shall be maintained free of insect and rodent harborage and infestation. Extermination methods and other measures to control insects and rodents shall conform with the requirements of the health authority.

  2. Parking areas shall be maintained free of accumulations of debris which may provide rodent harborage or breeding places for flies, mosquitoes and other pests.

  3. Storage areas shall be so maintained as to prevent rodent harborage; lumber, pipe and other building material shall be stored at least one foot above the ground.

  4. Where the potential for insect and rodent infestation exists, all exterior openings in or beneath any structure shall be appropriately screened with wire mesh or other suitable materials.

  5. The growth of brush, weeds and grass shall be controlled to prevent harborage of ticks, chiggers and other noxious insects. Parking areas shall be so maintained as to prevent the growth of ragweed, poison ivy, poison oak, poison sumac and other noxious weeds considered detrimental to health. Open areas shall be maintained free of heavy undergrowth of any description. (Ord. 1421, §13.)

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Secs. 39-101 to 39-105. Reserved.

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ARTICLE II MOBILE HOME PARKS AND TRAVEL TRAILER PARKS

DIVISION 9. FUEL SUPPLY AND STORAGE

Sec. 39-106. Natural gas systems.

  1. Natural gas piping systems (when natural gas shall be available) shall be installed and maintained in accordance with applicable codes and regulations governing such systems.

  2. Each mobile home or travel trailer lot provided with piped gas shall have an approved manual shutoff valve installed upstream of the gas outlet. The outlet shall be equipped with an approved cap to prevent accidental discharge of gas when the outlet is not in use. (Ord. 1421, §14.

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Sec. 39-107. Liquefied petroleum gas systems.

  1. Liquefied petroleum gas systems shall be installed and maintained in accordance with applicable codes and regulations governing such systems.

  2. Systems shall be provided with safety devices to relieve excessive pressures and shall be arranged so that the discharge terminates at a safe location.

  3. Systems shall have at least one accessible means for shutting off gas. Such means shall be located outside the mobile home and shall be maintained in an effective operating condition.

  4. All LPG piping outside of the mobile homes or travel trailers shall be well supported and protected against mechanical injury. Undiluted liquefied petroleum gas in liquid form shall not be conveyed through piping equipment and systems in mobile homes or travel trailers.

  5. Liquefied petroleum gas containers installed on a mobile home or travel trailer lot shall be securely but not permanently fastened to prevent accidental overturning. Such containers shall not be less than twelve nor more than sixty U.S. gallons gross capacity.

  6. No liquefied petroleum gas vessel shall be stored or located inside or beneath any storage cabinet, carport, mobile home or any other structure, unless such installations are approved by the health authority. (Ord. 1421, §14.)

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Sec. 39-108. Fuel oil supply systems.

  1. All fuel oil supply systems shall be installed and maintained in accordance with applicable codes and regulations governing such systems.

  2. All piping from outside fuel storage tanks or cylinders to mobile homes shall be permanently and securely fastened in place.

  3. All fuel oil storage tanks or cylinders shall be securely fastened in place and shall not be located inside or beneath any mobile home or less than five feet from any mobile home exit.

  4. Storage tanks located in areas subject to traffic shall be protected against physical damage. (Ord. 1421, §14.)

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Secs. 39-109 to 39-113. Reserved.

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ARTICLE II MOBILE HOME PARKS AND TRAVEL TRAILER PARKS

DIVISION 10. FIRE PROTECTION

Sec. 39-114. Generally.

  1. The trailer park area shall be subject to the rules and regulations of the city prevention authority.

  2. Trailer parks shall be kept free of litter, rubbish and other flammable materials.

  3. Portable fire extinguishers of a type approved by the fire prevention authority shall be kept in service buildings and at all other locations designated by such fire prevention authority and shall be maintained in good operating condition.

  4. Fires shall be made only in stoves and other equipment intended for such purposes.

    1. Fire hydrants shall be installed in mobile home parks if the park water is capable to serve them in accordance with the following requirements:

      1. The water supply system shall permit the operation of a minimum of two, one and one-half inch hose streams.

      2. Each of two nozzles, held four feet above the ground, shall deliver at least seventy-five gallons of water per minute at a flowing pressure of at least thirty pounds per square inch at the highest elevation point of the park.

    2. Fire hydrants, if provided, shall be located within five hundred feet of any mobile home, service building or other structure in the park. (Ord. 1421, §15.)

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Secs. 39-115 to 39-119. Reserved.

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